Maurice Bowen

Work Exhibits
Clients Task - Following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, Hazard Maps were requested by BRR (Badan Rehabilitasi dan Rekonstruksi), the Indonesian agency for rehabilitation and reconstruction.

Mapping Hazards
Banda Aceh

Source: BBC
Why are some areas more prone to natural disasters than others? Can we predict which areas are more likely to be affected by earthquakes?

Witness the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami - it was widely reported that a devastating magnitude 9.0 earthquake caused the tsunami. The number 9 of course refers to the Richter Scale which provides a logarithmic measure of the magnitude of the energy released at the earthquake epicenter.

A less familiar measure of eartquakes is the Mercalli Intensity Scale which more accurately measures the "effects" of an earthquake as "felt" or as recorded at a specific locality. Earthquake Shake Hazard Maps help to predict which areas will shake more violently and longer - like a "bowl of jelly" - as opposed to land areas with a firmer geological structure.

Constructing shake maps requires expert analysis of geological, soils and topographic data.
Approach - Adaptation and application of Canadian Research carried out by the Seismic Microzonation Task Group, British Columbia (1)

In 2004 the World bank and New Zealand Aid assisted with a "Build Back Better" program in Indonesia.

A team of international experts were recruited with expertise in earthquake-resilient engineering and hotspots mapping of disaster-prone areas. Maurice Bowen was selected through international competitive bidding due to his expertise in geosciences and geomatics and his experience in the region.

Within 45 days of arrival he had prepared a dozen interpretative and thematic maps depicting shaking intensity, flooding risk and landslide hazards to vulnerable communities. The maps provided a framework for more detailed studies aimed at disaster planning, response, and mitigation.

(1)Methodology: Levson, V., Matysek, P., Monahan, P. and Watts, B. (2018). EARTHQUAKE HAZARD MAPPING IN BRITISH COLUMBIA: STATUS, DEMAND AND METHODOLOGY DEVELOPMENT. [online] Available at: [Accessed 11 Sept. 2005].
Task - Mapping an oil pipeline route for minimal human and environmental impacts.

Pipeline Routing
Central Java

How do you run an oil pipeline through 100s of towns and villages and minimize human and environmental impacts?

In 2007 EXXONMOBILE was faced with the task of routing a 75km oil pipeline from a well in Central Java, Indonesia to a Floating Storage and Offloading (FSO) coastal facility.

The only route was through crowed villages and towns. An evidence-based analysis of potential socio-economic and environmental impacts was required. Importantly EXXONMOBILE also needed a way to effectively communicate how they planned to minimize these impacts.
Approach - Provide a "plain lanuage" cartographic representation of a sophisticated geospatial impact analysis.

Maurice Bowen, then Senior GIS Advisor with USAID, coordinated a team of GIS experts and land use planners to address the problem.

The strategy employed was to stratify impact zones according to the level of impacts along the proposed route. Advanced Geospatial and Cartographic techniques were used to produce a map clearly depicting high and low impact zones area.

The Geospatial overlay and routing analysis also required the compilation of data from many sources including GPS ground control.
Task - Using GIS to showcase gender maintreaming in community-based rehabilitation projects.


In 2005 USAID provided Indonesia with 44 million dollars of assistance for tsunami-affected, conflicted, and other villages urgently in need of livlibood support.

The assistance was delivered under two projects: 1. Support for Peace and Democratizaton (SPD), and; 2. Aceh Community Empowerment and Ownership (ACEO) and implemeted by Development Alternatives Inc. (DAI).

Implementation required an evidence-based approach for selecting beneficiary communities as well as reporting on project success.
Approach - A data-driven, GIS based monitoring system was developed with a capability for semi-automated tabular and spatial reporting.

Maurice Bowen was selected by the DAI as a Senior GIS Specialist to oversee and strengthen the SPD and ACEO reporting system as well as undertake capacity-building and training programs.

A key outcome of that effort was the production of a variety of tabular reports and cartographic products such as the "story-book" map shown at the left.

This particular product combined images, statistical data and cartography to emphasize gender maintreaming in SPD and ACEO.
Task - Redesign of a Geoscience Web Portal for the Northwest Territories Geological Survey (NTGS), Canada.

Web Apps

The Northwest Territories,

The NTGS relied on an IT infrastructure at the end of its life cycle to disciminate a wealth of geoscience information about Northern Canada.

A suite of public-facing legacy web apps had been highly customized to accommodate multiple data formats such as Oracle Spatial, ESRI Geodatabases/shapefiles in a variety of projections, excel workbooks, as well as out-dated file formats which complicated the task.

Decades of investments in geoscience data, including the world's largest diamond database, was in jeopardy.

Also, public access to 150,000 scientific publications and terabytes of spatial/non-spatial data existed, dating back to the early 1990s urgently needed better management.
Approach - Assessment of how to best salvage and leverage previous investments in data and intellectual assets of the legacy system.

Source: NTGS Web Apps
Maurice Bowen was selected by Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) in a Canada-wide competition to modernize NTGS's Web Applications.

Working over a period of 5 years, as a Web GIS and Database Specialist, the Web applications were modernized under a program that was severely contrained by a lack of financial and human resources. The strategy was to find and recruit key consultants who had been involved in the design and development of the legacy system.

Despite these contraints, the project benefited from (1) on-boarding of senior management; (2) selection of an architecture and development framework that was manageable and compatible with local agencies, (3) careful selection of external consultants, (4) spirited teamwork, and importantly; (5) consistent, meaningful collaboration with NTGS partners in government, industry and academia who provided invaluable guidance.

The outcome, a set of new web apps, as described in this ministerial press release can be viewed at this link: Northwest Territories Geological Survey (NTGS) Web Applications.

Task - Mapping of Border Control Points (BCPs), Bangladesh under the South Asian Sub Regional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) Integrated Trade Facilitation Program<.

IT/GIS Services
Border Management

During the period 2020-2022 ADB supported the modernization of Bangladesh's BCPs under the SASEC program.

The project objective was to improve Bangladesh's border crossing infrastructure at nine border crossings points (BCPs) and provide a central customs warehouse (CCW), and a Regional Training Centre (RTC).

Infrastructure upgrades aimed at improved performance, reduction in border crossing times and provide better predictability and transparency for Bangladesh's supply chains.

The outcome is expectred to reduce transport costs and lead to increased export volumes. UN ESCAP estimates that partial implementation of cross border paperless trade could boost Bangladesh exports by 13%.
Approach Use of publicly available digital maps, satellite imagery and open sources GIS (QGIS) in Phase I and in Phase II preparation of cost and procurement schedules for all required IT architectural, infrastructure upgrades and training provisioning.


Maurice Bowen was selected by David Lupton & Associates Ltd (DLA) to provide oversight and advisory services associated with the provisioning a modernization all IT/GIS architecture.

Working remotely, coordination with National GIS/IT staff was conducted via virtual MSTeams/Zoom meetings to successfully complete site surveys and scoping missions.

Phase I entailed locating, mapping, assessment and documenting current administrative setting as well as the resources, systems, and business processes in use at over a dozen BCPs bordering India and Myanmar.

Phase II work components related to the assessment and reporting of the GIS/IT Architecture were prepared using an agile System Life Cycle Approach, and Business Process analysis.

AS-IS and options for a TO-BE modern IT architecture were prepared and costed with considertion to the needs of Bangladesh custom authorities and which aligns with the propsoed the UNCTAD's ASYCUDA system.

Task - Mapping of Road Newwork, Road Roughness, Travel times and intercity distances for the Mininistry of Roads under ADB'S Country Partnership Strategy (CPS).

IT/GIS/Database Services
A Road Connectivity Master Plan

The three objectives of the Nepal CPS for 2020-2024 are:
  1. improved infrastructure for private sector-led growth,
  2. improved access to devolved services, and
  3. environmental sustainability and resilience..

GIS and Database activitues included:
  1. Sourcing National, Provincial and Municipal datasets,
  2. Development of automated extraction of travel times and distances using the Google Map Application Programming Interface (GMAP API)
  3. Working in cooperation with Road Engineers to develope an improved databases and user interface for the Nepal Highway Management Information System (HMIS)

Maurice J. Bowen || 2018